Alexander Kitroeff



Current Position:         Associate Professor, History Department, Haverford College.


Education:                  D.Phil. Modern History, Oxford University, 1984

M.A. History, University of Keele, 1979

B.A. Politics, University of Warwick, 1977


Research Interests:  Modern Greece, national identity & diaspora ethnicity.


Teaching Fields: Europe, Mediterranean, & Modern Greece – diaspora ethnicity, identity, nationalism, refugee phenomenon, sport.


Professional  Experience:

Associate Professor, History Dept. Haverford College 2002-present Assistant Professor, History Dept. Haverford College 1996-2002

Assistant Professor, History Dept. & Onassis Center, New York University 1990-96 Adj. Assistant Professor, History Dept. Temple University 1989-90

Visiting Lecturer, History Dept. & Hellenic Studies, Princeton University 1988

Adj. Assistant Professor, Byz. & Modern Greek Studies, Queens College CUNY 1986-89


Fellowships & Visiting Positions:

Venizelos Chair Modern Greek Studies, The American College in Greece 2011-12 Research Fellow, Center for Byz. & Modern Greek Studies, Queens College CUNY 2004 Visiting Scholar, Vryonis Center for the Study of Hellenism, Sacramento, CA 1994 Senior Visiting Member, St Antony’s College, Oxford University 1991


Major Research Awards & Grants:

Jaharis Family Foundation, 2013-15

The Stavros S. Niarchos Foundation, 2012

Immigrant Learning Center, 2011

Bank of Piraeus Cultural Foundation, 2008

Proteus Foundation, 2008

Center for Neo-Hellenic Studies, Hellenic Research Institute, 2003

President Gerald R. Ford Foundation, 1998

Senior Research Fellowship, Social Science Research Council, 1987-88



Work-in-progress: Book-length study of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North America;



Ελλάς, Ευρώπη Παναθηναϊκός! 100 Χρονια Ελληνική Ιστορία [Greece, Europe, Panathinaikos! 100 years of Greek history] New York: Greekworks, 2010 344 pp.

Wrestling with the Ancients: Modern Greek Identity and the Olympics New York: Greekworks, 2004 275 pp.

Griegos en América [The Greeks in the Americas] Madrid: Fundación MAPFRE, 1992 296pp.

The Greeks in Egypt, 1919-1937: Ethnicity & Class London: Ithaca Press 1989 [Contract signed with American University in Cairo Press for revised and expanded version provisionally entitled “The Greeks in Egypt from Muhamad Ali to Nasser” due 2018)


Edited Volumes:

Σµύρνη: Η Καταστροφή µιας Κοσµοπολίτικης Πόλης 1900-1922 [Smyrna: The Destruction of a Cosmopolitan City 1900-1922] (co-edited with Maria Iliou) Athens: Minoas, 2012 141 pp.


Collection of Articles:

Wartime Jews: the Case of Athens Athens: ELIAMEP, 1995


Chapters in Books:

“Diaspora & Nationalism in the Eastern Mediterranean: Egypt’s 1919 Revolution and the Foreign Communities” Andreas Lyberatos ed. Social Transformation and Mass Mobilization In the Balkan and Eastern Mediterranean Cities, 1900-1923 Heraklion: Crete University Press, 2013 281-292.

“Greek Americans” in Immigrant Struggles, Immigrant Gifts Diane Portnoy, Barry Portnoy & Charlie Riggs Eds. Washington DC: George Mason Univ. Press, 2012 140-157.

“Between Two Worlds” Introductory Essay to new edition of Theodore Saloutos’ They Remember America: the Story of the Repatriated Americans New York: Greekworks, 2012 ix- xxii

“Spyros Louis’s Bréal Cup and the Greek Heritage of the Olympics” in Spyros Louis’s Bréal Cup and the Greek Heritage of the Olympics Athens: The Stavros Niarchos Foundation, 2012.

“Asia Minor Refugees in Greece: A History of Identity and Memory, 1920s-1980s,” in The Asia Minor  Catastrophe  and  the  Ottoman  Greek  Genocide:  Essays  on  Asia  Minor,  Pontos,  and Eastern Thrace, 1913–1923., George N. Shirinian, ed., Bloomingdale, IL: The Asia Minor and Pontos Hellenic Research Center, Inc., 2012 150-160.

“Venizelist Liberalism Abroad: Alexandria, New York & Smyrna” in Mata Dova Ed. Lily Macrakis Festschrift Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University

“Οι Ελληνο-Αµερικανοί 1940-1952” [The Greek Americans 1940-1952 in Christos Hadziiosif, ed. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα [History of Greece in the C20th] Vol. D2 1940-1952 Athens: Vivliorama, 2009 158-181.

“Βόρεια Αµερική” [North America] & “Βόρεια-Αφρική-Μέση Ανατολή” [North Africa Middle East] in Kostas Loukeris & Kyriaki Petraki eds. Οι Δρόµοι των Ελλήνων [The Roads of the Greeks] Athens: Polaris, 2009 13-55, 187-221.

“The Limits of Political Transnationalism: The Greek-American Lobby 1970s-1990s” in Dimitris Tziovas ed. Greek Diaspora and Migration since 1700 Society Politics & Culture Burlington: Ashgate, 2009 141-153.

“Greece and the 1904 ‘American’ Olympics” in Susan Brownell ed. The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games: Sport, Race, and American Imperialism

University of Nebraska Press, 2008 301-323.

“ ‘Fair play’ versus Competing to Win & Coubertin” International Olympic Academy Proceedings of 46th  Session 19 June – 3 July 2006; Athens: IOA, 2007 72-82.

“Greek American Identity in the 1980s” in Eric Bruneau, Ioanis Hassiotis, Martine Hovanessian

& Claire Mouradian eds. Arméniens et Grecs en Diaspora: approches comparatives Athens:

L’École Francaise d’ Athènes, 2007 pp. 299-306.

“Modern Greece and the Olympics: Politics and Sport” in International Olympic Academy Proceedings of 45th  Session 27 July – 11 August 2005; Athens: IOA, 2006 pp. 213-223.

“Η Μεταπολεµική Μετανάστευση” [Post-War Emigration] in Ioannis Hasiotis et. al. eds. Οι Ελληνες στην Διασπορά 15-20ος αιώνες. [The Greeks in the Diaspora C15-20th] Athens: Parliament of Greece, 2006 pp. 75-91.

“Ο Τύπος ως Πηγή για την Ιστορία των Ελλήνων στις ΗΠΑ” [The Press as a Source for the History of the Greeks in the United States] in Loukia Droulia ed. The Greek Press Since 1784: Historical & Theoretical Perspectives Athens: Foundation of Modern Hellenism / National Foundation of Research, 2005. pp. 371-379.

“Greek Images of the Ottomans & Turks” in Nedret Kuran-Burcoglu & Susan Gilson Miller eds. Representations of the  “Others”  in  the  Mediterranean  World  and  their Impact  on  the  Region Istanbul: The Isis Press, 2005 pp.125-140.

“Βόρεια Αµερική: Οι Ελληνικές Κοινότητες στις ΗΠΑ και τον Καναδά” [North America: the Greek Communities in the U.S. & Canada] in Vasilis Panayotopoulos ed. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισµού 1770-2000  [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000] Vol. 10 Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004 297-308.

“Βόρεια  και Νότια  Αµερική: Οι Οµογενείς  στις  ΗΠΑ, τον  Καναδά, την  Λατινική  Αµερική” [North and South America: The Greek Diaspora in the U.S., Canada and Latin America] in Vasilis Panayotopoulos ed. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισµού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000] Vol. 9 Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004 305-318.

“Οι Ελληνες στις ΗΠΑ” [The Greeks in the U.S.] in Vasilis Panayotopoulos ed. Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισµού 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism, 1770-2000] Vol. 7 Athens: Nea Grammata, 2004 351-360.

“Η Ελληνο-Αµερικανική Ταυτότητα την Δεκαετία του 1990” [Greek American Identity in the 1990s] in Michalis Damanakis et al eds. Ιστορία της Νεοελληνικής Διασποράς Ερευνα και Διδασκαλία [History of the Modern Greek Diaspora Research and Instruction] Rethymno: University of Crete, 2004 pp. 89-96.

“The International Dimension of the Interim Olympics in Athens, 1906” in Christina Koulouri, Ed. The Interim Olympics in Athens, Greece, 1906 Athens: Hellenic Olympic Committee, 2004 pp. 377-393.

“Ο Ρόλος του Ελληνο-Αµερικανικού Λόµπι στην Εξωτερική Πολιτική των ΗΠΑ” [The Role of the Greek American Lobby in U.S. Foreign Policy, 1992-2001] in Panayotis Tsakonas, ed. Σύγχρονη Ελληνική Εξωτερική Πολιτική: Μιά Συνολική Προσέγγιση [Contemporary Greek Foreign Policy: A Comprehensive Approach] Athens: Sideris, 2003.

“Εµπορικές Παροικίες και Μετανάστες” [Merchant Colonies and Immigrants] in Christos Hadziiosif, ed. Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα  [History of Greece in the C20th] Vol. B1 1922-1940. Athens: Vivliorama, 2002.

“Υπερατλαντική  Μετανάστευση” [Transatlantic Emigration] in Christos Hadziiosif ed Ιστορία της Ελλάδας του 20ου Αιώνα History of Greece in the C20th] Vol. 1 1900-1922. Athens: Vivliorama, 1999.

“Greek-American Ethnicity, 1919-1939” in Jelisaveta Stanojevich Allen et al eds. To Hellenikon Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr.  Vol. II New York: Caratzas, 1993 353-371.

“Emigration Transatlantique et Strategie Familiale: La Grèce” [Transatlantic Emigration and Family Strategy: Greece] in Stuart Woolf, ed. Espaces et Familles dans l’ Europe du Sud à l’âge moderne [Space and Families in Southern Europe in the Contemporary Era] Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’ Homme, 1992 241-270.

“Ο Βενιζελισµός στην Αίγυπτο” [Venizelist Republicanism among the Greeks in Egypt] in Th. Veremis & G. Goulimi eds Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος: Κοινότητα, Οικονοµία και Πολιτική στην Εποχή του [Eleftherios Venizelos: Community, Economy and Politics in his Era ] Athens: Gnosi, 1989 125-142

“The Greek Diaspora in the Mediterranean & the Black Sea 18th-19th Centuries; Seen by American Eyes” in Speros Vryonis Jr. Ed. The Greeks and the Sea New York: Caratzas, 1993 153-171.

“The Holocaust in the Balkans” in Saul S. Friedman ed., Holocaust Literature; A Handbook of Critical, Historical and Literary Writings New Haven CT: Greenwood Press, 1993 301-320. Published in Wartime Jews: the Case of Athens.

“The Greek Peasantry: From Dictatorship to Occupation” in Robin Higham & Thanos Veremis eds. The Metaxas Dictatorship; Aspects of Greece 1936-1940  Athens: ELIAMEP, 1993 63-84.

“The Transformation of Homeland Diaspora Relations: The Greek Case 18th-19th Centuries” in John M. Fossey Ed. Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Hellenic Diaspora from Antiquity to Modern Times Amsterdam: Gieben, 1991 233-250.

“Η Βρετανική Πολιτική και το Κίνηµα στη Μέση Ανατολή” [British Policy and the Greek Forces Movement in Egypt] in Hagen Fleischer & N. Svoronos Eds. Η Ελλάδα 1936-44 Δικτατορία, Κατοχή, Αντίσταση [Greece 1936-44 Dictatorship, Occupation, Resistance ] Athens: ATE 1989. 541-552.

“Ο Βενιζελισµός στην Αιγυπτο” [Venizelist Republicanism among the Greeks in Egypt] in Th. Veremis & G. Goulimi eds Ελευθέριος  Βενιζέλος: Κοινότητα,  Οικονοµία,  Πολιτική  στην Εποχή του Eleftherios Venizelos: [Eleftherios Venizelos: Community, Economy and Politics in his Era ] Athens: Gnosi, 1989 125-142.


Articles in Academic Journals

“Modern Greek Studies in the United States” in Etudes Helleniques – Hellenic Studies Vol. 14, 2, Autumn  2006,  21-36.

“Greek Nationhood and Modernity in the C19th” Balkan Studies Vol 40 # 1, 1999 21-40. “Andreas G. Papandreou: A Brief Political Biography” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol.

23.1, 1997, 7-32.

“Diaspora-Homeland Relations & Greek American Lobbying: The Panhellenic Emergency Committee” Journal of Modern Hellenism #11, 1994, 19-40.

“Continuity & Change in Contemporary Greek Historiography” European History Quarterly # 2 Vol. 19, April 1989 269-298. Reprinted  in Martin Blinkhorn & Thanos Veremis Eds. Modern Greece: Nationalism & Nationality London: Sage, 1990 and updated & translated into Greek in Thanos Veremis ed. Εθνική  Ταυτότητα  και  Εθνικισµός  στην  Ελλάδα  Athens: MIET, 1997.

“Wartime Greek Attitudes Towards the Jews in Athens” Forum on the Jewish People and Zionism  (Jerusalem) Vol 60 1986 41-51. Translated into Dutch & published as “Grieken en Joden in Bezet Athene” Lychnari Vol 4, # 3, 1990 6-11 and also published in Wartime Jews: the Case of Athens .

“The Alexandria We Have Lost” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 10, # 1-2, 1983

“The Greeks in Egypt: Ethnicity & Class” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 10, # 3, 1983  “Η Ελληνική Παροικία στην Αίγυπτο και ο Β’ Παγκόσµιος Πόλεµος” [The Greek Community in

Egypt and World War II] Mnemon Vol. 9, 1981, 1-32.

“The Greek Seamen’s Movement, 1940-1944” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 7 # 3-4,

1980, 73-97.

“The Greek Seamen’s Movement, 1940-1944” Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora Vol. 7 # 3-4, 1980, 73-97.


Book Reviews

Το έθνος πέρα των συνόρων: «Ομογενειακές» πολιτικές του ελληνικού κράτους [The nation beyond borders – the Greek state’s policies towards the Greeks abroad] ed. by Lina Ventoura and Lambros Baltsiotis in Journal of Modern Greek Studies, Volume 34, Number 1, May 2016, pp. 214-216

Tormented by History: Nationalism in Greece and Turkey by Umut Kirimli and Spyros A. Sofos. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008 in Journal of World History 22.1 March 2011, pp. 202-04.

100 Χρόνια Παναθηναϊκός [100 Years Panathinaikos] by Sifis Votzakis in Athens Review of Books 3, Dec. 2009.

Greece: A Jewish History by K.E. Fleming in The American Historical Review Vol. 114, issue 3 June 2009, 859-860.

Greece & the Balkans: Identities, Perception and Cultural Encounters Since the Enlightenment

Dimitris Tziovas ed. in European History Quarterly 35.2 2005 386-388.

Olympics in Athens 1896: The Invention of the Modern Olympic Games by Michael Llewellyn Smith in Journal of Modern  Greek Studies  23.1 2005, 209-212.

Yugoslavia and After: A Study in Fragmentation, Despair and Rebirth by David A. Dyker and Ivan  Vejvoda  (eds)  in  Nationalism  and  Ethnic  Politics, 4 - v44.3 Autumn 1998.

The Greek Community of New York City: Early Years to 1910 by Michael Contopoulos in  Journal  of  American  Studies  of  Turkey  6,  1997,  71-73.

The Greek Minority in Istanbul and Greek-Turkish Relations 1918-1974 by Alexis Alexandris in

International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies Vol. 26 no. 2 May 1994, 293-295.

The Eve of the Great Revival: British Traveler’s Perceptions of Early C19th Greece by Helen Angelomatis Tsoungarakis in The  International  History  Review  14 Nov. 1992, 776-777.

Patra 1820-1860: Mia Hellenike Protevousa ston 190 aiona [Patra 1820-1860: a Greek capital city in the nineteenth century] by Nikos Bakounakis in Journal  of Modern  Greek  Studies  9, #1 May 1991, 127-29.

Iosipos Moisiodax: The coordinates of Balkan thought in eighteenth century by Paschalis Kitromilides in History of European Ideas 8, #2, 1987, 244-245.

E Serifos kata tin Tourkokratia (17-19os aionas) [Serifos under Turkish Rule (17-19th centuries)] by Eftihia D. Liata in Journal of Modern Greek Studies 7, #2 October 1989  342.

E Sosialistiki Ergatiki Omospondia Thessalonikis kai e Sosialistiki Neolaia [The Socialist Worker’s Federation of Thessaloniki and the Socialist Youth] by Antonis Liakos in History Workshop  Journal 24, Autumn 1987, 198-200.


Articles in magazines & Op-Eds in Newspapers


“To Pehnidi pou Egine Epagelma” [The Game that Became a Profession] in To Vima newspaper Aug. 23 2009.

“War and Remembrance – two new books about the Greek civil war” in Odyssey – the World of Greece no. 86 Nov/Dec 2007 pp. 51-54.

“Old world intertwined with new; 2004 Olympic Games” The Baltimore Sun Aug. 13 2004.

“Pangosmiopiisi tou arheou pnevmatos’ [Globalization of the ancient spirit] To Vima newspaper Aug. 1, 2004.

“Out of Greece: Jake Tsakalidis” Odyssey – the World of Greece no. 46 March/April 2001. “The Greek Civil War” Odyssey – the World of Greece no. 39 Jan. / Feb. 2000.

“End of an Era: Smyrna Catastrophe” Odyssey – the World of Greece no. 24 July/Aug. 1997.


Multimedia  Scholarship:

Historical consultant for four film documentaries by film director Maria Iliou:

“Αγαπηµένη Θεία Λένα: Η Ζωή και το Εργο της Αντιγόνης Μεταξά” [Beloved Aunt Lena: The Life and Work of Antigone Metaxa] (87 mins., 2016)

“From Both Sides of the Aegean: Expulsion & Exchange of Populations Turkey-Greece 1922- 1924” (87 mins., 2012)

“Smyrna 1922 – the Destruction of a Cosmopolitan City” (87 mins., 2012)

“The Journey: the Greek Dream in America” (86 mins, 2007)


Current Courses at Haverford College:


Hist 114 The Modern Mediterranean; Hist 215 Sport & Society; Hist 249 Refugees in C2oth Europe; Hist 250 “White” Ethnicity in the United States; Hist 270 From Empire to Nation: the Ottoman World Transformed; Hist 357 Topics in European History;

Hist 400 Senior History Seminar.

Administrative Experience at Haverford College: (past 5 years) Chair, Dept. of History, 2014-15

Chair, Committee on Student Standing & Progress (CSSP) 2004-07, 2012-14, 2016-

Academic Director, Center for Peace & Global Citizenship 2008-11

Alternate member, Academic Council 2005-06, 2008-09, 2010-11


Recent Academic Lectures:


“A Film Director, a Historian & 5 Documentaries.” Conference on History Teaching and High School Instruction, Ionian University & Avgouleas-Linardatos School Athens 2017. (with Maria Iliou)

"Greek Orthodoxy & the Challenges of Americanization - Archbishop Iakovos' last decade 1986- 96" Annual Zamanakos Lecture, UMass, Lowell, 2016.

"A Greek Orthodox Turning Point: the 1982 San Francisco Clergy-Laity Congress" California State University Sacramento, May 2016.

“National Identity & Greece’s Euro 2004 Victory” Soccer as the Beautiful Game Conference, Hofstra University, April 2014.

"Modern Greek Identity and the ‘Mediterannean’ 1930s – 1950s." Conference on Cyprus, Greece

& the Mediterranean, University of Cyprus, 2013.

«Η Ιδέα του Παναθηναϊκού τη Ηρωϊκή Εποχή της Α’ Εθνικής 1960-79» [The Panathinaikos Idea during the heroic era of the National Football League 1960-79]

Conference on Soccer in the Greek-Speaking World, University of Cyprus, 2013.

«Ο Εθελοντισµός Ανάµεσα στους Ελληνες της Αιγύπτου & των ΗΠΑ: ιστορία & µνήµη» [Volunteerism among the Greeks in Egypt & the United States: history & memory] Conference on Greek Wartime Volunteers, University of Cyprus, 2012.

“History, Memory & Memoirs & the Asia Minor Disaster” Visiting Venizelos Professorship lecture, American College in Athens, 2012.

“Ethnicity Beyond the Ethnic Enclave: The Greeks of Brooklyn” 10th Annual Pallas Modern Greek Studies Lecture, University of Michigan, 2012.

“From Μπρούκληδες to Brooklynites: a Greek American History” Visiting Venizelos Professorship lecture, American College in Athens, 2011.

“The Pontian Genocide: History & Memory” Queens College CUNY lecture in memory of Professor Harry J. Psomiades, NYC, 2011.

“Early Greek Immigration to the U.S. & Discrimination.” Immigrant Learning Center, Workshop on Ethnicity & Discrimination in the U.S., Walden, Mass. 2011.

“Greek Nationalism & Religion in the mid-C19th” Harvard University Seminar on Modern Greece, 2010.

“The 1919 Nationalist Uprising in Egypt & the Foreign Communities.” Institute for Mediterranean Studies Conference, University of Crete, 2009.

“Greek Studies & Greek American History.” Greek Studies International Conference; Greek Ministry of Culture, Athens, 2008.

“The Greeks of Egypt in the United States” Panteion Univ. Conference, Athens, 2008.

“The Truman Doctrine & the Greek Americans.” Modern Greek Studies Association Conference, New Haven, 2007.

“Football & National Identity 1930s-1990s.” History Department, Bogazici University, Istanbul, 2007.

“The Political Limits of Transnationalism: The Greek American Lobby 1970s-1990s” Hellenic Diasporas Conference, Center for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham UK, 2007.

“Fair Play, Winning in Sport & National Identity in Coubertin’s Thought” International Olympic Academy, Ancient Olympia, 2006.

“Nationalism & Religion in the Olympics.” Material Religion in America Symposium at Haverford College, 2006.

“Nationalism, Politics & Olympic Sports.” International Olympic Academy, Ancient Olympia, 2005.

“Reflections on the Athens 2004 Olympics.” Queens College CUNY, 2004.

“Greece & the 1904 Olympics.” International Conference on the 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games and Anthropology Days: A Centennial Retrospective – University of St. Louis Missouri & Missouri Historical Society, Sept. 2004.


Recent Public History Lectures

"The Significance of Prof. John Rassias' 1996 Report on Greek Language Instruction in the United States" Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Cultural Center, NYC, Jan. 2016.

Introduction and post-screening question & answer sessions at screenings of “Smyrna: the destruction of a cosmopolitan city” documentary at Boston College, Brown University, Georgetown University, New York University, Ohio State University, Princeton University, Stonybrook University, University of Connecticut, University of Pennsylvania, Yale University (2013-14)

“The Jews of Athens & the Holocaust in Greece” Greek Holocaust Commemoration, Greek General Consulate NYC, January 2012

«Το Κύπελλο Μπρεάλ» Bréal Cup Exhibit Opening, New Akropolis Museum, Athens, August 2012

«Η Ενωση των Επτανήσων: Διεθνείς & Εθνικές Διαστάσεις» 147th anniversary celebration of Ionian Islands with Greece, Ionian Federation of America, May 2012

“Greece’s Strategic Contribution During World War II” Keynote Speech, Washington OXI Day Foundation Celebration, 2011

“Greek Americans: from History to Memory” Keynote Speech, Tsamantas Society Centenary Conference, Brookline College, Mass. Nov. 2009

“Greek American Identity & Institutions.” American Hellenic Institute, Future of Hellenism Conference, Philadelphia, Nov. 2009

“Greek Refugee Identity, 1920s-1980s” Asia Minor Catastrophe Conference, Pontian Greek Society, Chicago, Oct. 2009

“The Journey: The Greek American Dream” Lecture and panel moderation co-organized by Hellenic Vision & AHEPA New Jersey, April 2009